Use of state with props in React

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Fri Jul 22 2022 06:34:40 GMT+0000 (UTC)

Saved by @Harsh_S #javascript #react

import React from "react";

class Clock extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {      //Constructor is  called when root is rendered
    super(props);
    this.state = { date: new Date() }; //intializes this.state with current time
  }


  componentDidMount() { //React lifecycle method, is been called when clock output is inserted in the DOM
    this.timerID = setInterval(
        () => this.tick(),
        1000
    )           //Here class component asks the browser to set up a timer to call the tick() method once a second
  }

  tick(){               
    this.setState({         //calling setState method with an object containing the current time
        date: new Date()
    });                     //setState method updates the current time
}

  componentWillUnmount() {      // Incase if clock component is ever removed from the DOM , react call this lifecycle method so the timer is stopped.
    clearInterval(this.timerID)
  }
  


  render() {
    return (
      <div>
        <h1>Hello, world!</h1>
        <h2>It is {this.state.date.toLocaleTimeString()}.</h2>
      </div>
    );
  }
}

export default Clock;
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https://reactjs.org/docs/state-and-lifecycle.html