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tortoise = top
hare = top

forever:
     if hare == end :
         return 'No Loop Found'
     hare = hare.next
 
     if hare == end :
         return 'No Loop Found'
     hare = hare.next
 
     tortoise = tortoise.next
 
     if hare == tortoise:
         return 'Loop Found'
import re
from collections import Counter

def words(text): return re.findall(r'\w+', text.lower())

WORDS = Counter(words(open('big.txt').read()))

def P(word, N=sum(WORDS.values())): 
    "Probability of `word`."
    return WORDS[word] / N

def correction(word): 
    "Most probable spelling correction for word."
    return max(candidates(word), key=P)

def candidates(word): 
    "Generate possible spelling corrections for word."
    return (known([word]) or known(edits1(word)) or known(edits2(word)) or [word])

def known(words): 
    "The subset of `words` that appear in the dictionary of WORDS."
    return set(w for w in words if w in WORDS)

def edits1(word):
    "All edits that are one edit away from `word`."
    letters    = 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz'
    splits     = [(word[:i], word[i:])    for i in range(len(word) + 1)]
    deletes    = [L + R[1:]               for L, R in splits if R]
    transposes = [L + R[1] + R[0] + R[2:] for L, R in splits if len(R)>1]
    replaces   = [L + c + R[1:]           for L, R in splits if R for c in letters]
    inserts    = [L + c + R               for L, R in splits for c in letters]
    return set(deletes + transposes + replaces + inserts)

def edits2(word): 
    "All edits that are two edits away from `word`."
    return (e2 for e1 in edits1(word) for e2 in edits1(e1))
import java.util.ArrayDeque;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Queue;

class Pair {
    int x, y;

    public Pair(int x, int y) {
        this.x = x;
        this.y = y;
    }
}

class FloodFill
{
    // Below arrays details all 8 possible movements
    private static final int[] row = { -1, -1, -1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1 };
    private static final int[] col = { -1, 0, 1, -1, 1, -1, 0, 1 };

    // check if it is possible to go to pixel (x, y) from
    // current pixel. The function returns false if the pixel
    // has different color or it is not a valid pixel
    public static boolean isSafe(char[][] M, int m, int n,
                                int x, int y, char target)
    {
        return x >= 0 && x < m && y >= 0 && y < n
                && M[x][y] == target;
    }

    // Flood fill using BFS
    public static void floodfill(char[][] M, int x, int y, char replacement)
    {
        int m = M.length;
        int n = M[0].length;

        // create a queue and enqueue starting pixel
        Queue<Pair> q = new ArrayDeque<>();
        q.add(new Pair(x, y));

        // get target color
        char target = M[x][y];

        // run till queue is not empty
        while (!q.isEmpty())
        {
            // pop front node from queue and process it
            Pair node = q.poll();

            // (x, y) represents current pixel
            x = node.x;
            y = node.y;

            // replace current pixel color with that of replacement
            M[x][y] = replacement;

            // process all 8 adjacent pixels of current pixel and
            // enqueue each valid pixel
            for (int k = 0; k < row.length; k++)
            {
                // if adjacent pixel at position (x + row[k], y + col[k]) is
                // a valid pixel and have same color as that of current pixel
                if (isSafe(M, m, n, x + row[k], y + col[k], target))
                {
                    // enqueue adjacent pixel
                    q.add(new Pair(x + row[k], y + col[k]));
                }
            }
        }
    }

    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // matrix showing portion of the screen having different colors
        char[][] M = {
            "YYYGGGGGGG".toCharArray(),
            "YYYYYYGXXX".toCharArray(),
            "GGGGGGGXXX".toCharArray(),
            "WWWWWGGGGX".toCharArray(),
            "WRRRRRGXXX".toCharArray(),
            "WWWRRGGXXX".toCharArray(),
            "WBWRRRRRRX".toCharArray(),
            "WBBBBRRXXX".toCharArray(),
            "WBBXBBBBXX".toCharArray(),
            "WBBXXXXXXX".toCharArray()
        };

        // start node
        int x = 3, y = 9;   // target color = "X"

        // replacement color
        char replacement = 'C';

        // replace target color with replacement color
        floodfill(M, x, y, replacement);

        // print the colors after replacement
        for (int i = 0; i < M.length; i++) {
            System.out.println(Arrays.toString(M[i]));
        }
    }
}
<?php 
function count_num_finger( $n ) 
{ 
	$r = $n % 8; 
	if ($r == 1) 
		return $r; 
	if ($r == 5) 
		return $r; 
	if ($r == 0 or $r == 2) 
		return 2; 
	if ($r == 3 or $r == 7) 
		return 3; 
	if ($r == 4 or $r == 6) 
		return 4; 
}	 

// Driver Code 
$n = 30; 
echo(count_num_finger($n)); 
 
?> 
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Sun Dec 29 2019 19:13:40 GMT+0000 (UTC) http://norvig.com/spell-correct.html

#python #interesting #logic
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Thu Dec 26 2019 19:01:13 GMT+0000 (UTC) https://www.techiedelight.com/flood-fill-algorithm/

#java #logic #algorithms #interesting #arrays
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Thu Dec 26 2019 15:18:45 GMT+0000 (UTC) https://www.geeksforgeeks.org/program-count-numbers-fingers/

#php #interesting #interviewquestions #logic

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