Snippets Collections
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using UnityEngine;

namespace TarodevController
{
    public struct FrameInput
    {
        public float X;
        public bool JumpDown;
        public bool JumpUp;
    }

    public interface IPlayerController
    {
        public Vector3 Velocity { get; }
        public FrameInput Input { get; }
        public bool JumpingThisFrame { get; }
        public bool LandingThisFrame { get; }
        public Vector3 RawMovement { get; }
        public bool Grounded { get; }
    }

    public struct RayRange
    {
        public RayRange(float x1, float y1, float x2, float y2, Vector2 dir)
        {
            Start = new Vector2(x1, y1);
            End = new Vector2(x2, y2);
            Dir = dir;
        }

        public readonly Vector2 Start, End, Dir;
    }
}
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using UnityEngine;

namespace TarodevController
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Hey!
    /// Tarodev here. I built this controller as there was a severe lack of quality & free 2D controllers out there.
    /// Right now it only contains movement and jumping, but it should be pretty easy to expand... I may even do it myself
    /// if there's enough interest. You can play and compete for best times here: https://tarodev.itch.io/
    /// If you hve any questions or would like to brag about your score, come to discord: https://discord.gg/GqeHHnhHpz
    /// </summary>
    public class PlayerController : MonoBehaviour, IPlayerController
    {
        // Public for external hooks
        public Vector3 Velocity { get; private set; }
        public FrameInput Input { get; private set; }
        public bool JumpingThisFrame { get; private set; }
        public bool LandingThisFrame { get; private set; }
        public Vector3 RawMovement { get; private set; }
        public bool Grounded => _colDown;

        private Vector3 _lastPosition;
        private float _currentHorizontalSpeed, _currentVerticalSpeed;

        // This is horrible, but for some reason colliders are not fully established when update starts...
        private bool _active;
        void Awake() => Invoke(nameof(Activate), 0.5f);
        void Activate() => _active = true;

        private void Update()
        {
            if (!_active) return;
            // Calculate velocity
            Velocity = (transform.position - _lastPosition) / Time.deltaTime;
            _lastPosition = transform.position;

            GatherInput();
            RunCollisionChecks();

            CalculateWalk(); // Horizontal movement
            CalculateJumpApex(); // Affects fall speed, so calculate before gravity
            CalculateGravity(); // Vertical movement
            CalculateJump(); // Possibly overrides vertical

            MoveCharacter(); // Actually perform the axis movement
        }


        #region Gather Input

        private void GatherInput()
        {
            Input = new FrameInput
            {
                JumpDown = UnityEngine.Input.GetButtonDown("Jump"),
                JumpUp = UnityEngine.Input.GetButtonUp("Jump"),
                X = UnityEngine.Input.GetAxisRaw("Horizontal")
            };
            if (Input.JumpDown)
            {
                _lastJumpPressed = Time.time;
            }
        }

        #endregion

        #region Collisions

        [Header("COLLISION")][SerializeField] private Bounds _characterBounds;
        [SerializeField] private LayerMask _groundLayer;
        [SerializeField] private int _detectorCount = 3;
        [SerializeField] private float _detectionRayLength = 0.1f;
        [SerializeField][Range(0.1f, 0.3f)] private float _rayBuffer = 0.1f; // Prevents side detectors hitting the ground

        private RayRange _raysUp, _raysRight, _raysDown, _raysLeft;
        private bool _colUp, _colRight, _colDown, _colLeft;

        private float _timeLeftGrounded;

        // We use these raycast checks for pre-collision information
        private void RunCollisionChecks()
        {
            // Generate ray ranges. 
            CalculateRayRanged();

            // Ground
            LandingThisFrame = false;
            var groundedCheck = RunDetection(_raysDown);
            if (_colDown && !groundedCheck) _timeLeftGrounded = Time.time; // Only trigger when first leaving
            else if (!_colDown && groundedCheck)
            {
                _coyoteUsable = true; // Only trigger when first touching
                LandingThisFrame = true;
            }

            _colDown = groundedCheck;

            // The rest
            _colUp = RunDetection(_raysUp);
            _colLeft = RunDetection(_raysLeft);
            _colRight = RunDetection(_raysRight);

            bool RunDetection(RayRange range)
            {
                return EvaluateRayPositions(range).Any(point => Physics2D.Raycast(point, range.Dir, _detectionRayLength, _groundLayer));
            }
        }

        private void CalculateRayRanged()
        {
            // This is crying out for some kind of refactor. 
            var b = new Bounds(transform.position + _characterBounds.center, _characterBounds.size);

            _raysDown = new RayRange(b.min.x + _rayBuffer, b.min.y, b.max.x - _rayBuffer, b.min.y, Vector2.down);
            _raysUp = new RayRange(b.min.x + _rayBuffer, b.max.y, b.max.x - _rayBuffer, b.max.y, Vector2.up);
            _raysLeft = new RayRange(b.min.x, b.min.y + _rayBuffer, b.min.x, b.max.y - _rayBuffer, Vector2.left);
            _raysRight = new RayRange(b.max.x, b.min.y + _rayBuffer, b.max.x, b.max.y - _rayBuffer, Vector2.right);
        }


        private IEnumerable<Vector2> EvaluateRayPositions(RayRange range)
        {
            for (var i = 0; i < _detectorCount; i++)
            {
                var t = (float)i / (_detectorCount - 1);
                yield return Vector2.Lerp(range.Start, range.End, t);
            }
        }

        private void OnDrawGizmos()
        {
            // Bounds
            Gizmos.color = Color.yellow;
            Gizmos.DrawWireCube(transform.position + _characterBounds.center, _characterBounds.size);

            // Rays
            if (!Application.isPlaying)
            {
                CalculateRayRanged();
                Gizmos.color = Color.blue;
                foreach (var range in new List<RayRange> { _raysUp, _raysRight, _raysDown, _raysLeft })
                {
                    foreach (var point in EvaluateRayPositions(range))
                    {
                        Gizmos.DrawRay(point, range.Dir * _detectionRayLength);
                    }
                }
            }

            if (!Application.isPlaying) return;

            // Draw the future position. Handy for visualizing gravity
            Gizmos.color = Color.red;
            var move = new Vector3(_currentHorizontalSpeed, _currentVerticalSpeed) * Time.deltaTime;
            Gizmos.DrawWireCube(transform.position + _characterBounds.center + move, _characterBounds.size);
        }

        #endregion


        #region Walk

        [Header("WALKING")][SerializeField] private float _acceleration = 90;
        [SerializeField] private float _moveClamp = 13;
        [SerializeField] private float _deAcceleration = 60f;
        [SerializeField] private float _apexBonus = 2;

        private void CalculateWalk()
        {
            if (Input.X != 0)
            {
                // Set horizontal move speed
                _currentHorizontalSpeed += Input.X * _acceleration * Time.deltaTime;

                // clamped by max frame movement
                _currentHorizontalSpeed = Mathf.Clamp(_currentHorizontalSpeed, -_moveClamp, _moveClamp);

                // Apply bonus at the apex of a jump
                var apexBonus = Mathf.Sign(Input.X) * _apexBonus * _apexPoint;
                _currentHorizontalSpeed += apexBonus * Time.deltaTime;
            }
            else
            {
                // No input. Let's slow the character down
                _currentHorizontalSpeed = Mathf.MoveTowards(_currentHorizontalSpeed, 0, _deAcceleration * Time.deltaTime);
            }

            if (_currentHorizontalSpeed > 0 && _colRight || _currentHorizontalSpeed < 0 && _colLeft)
            {
                // Don't walk through walls
                _currentHorizontalSpeed = 0;
            }
        }

        #endregion

        #region Gravity

        [Header("GRAVITY")][SerializeField] private float _fallClamp = -40f;
        [SerializeField] private float _minFallSpeed = 80f;
        [SerializeField] private float _maxFallSpeed = 120f;
        private float _fallSpeed;

        private void CalculateGravity()
        {
            if (_colDown)
            {
                // Move out of the ground
                if (_currentVerticalSpeed < 0) _currentVerticalSpeed = 0;
            }
            else
            {
                // Add downward force while ascending if we ended the jump early
                var fallSpeed = _endedJumpEarly && _currentVerticalSpeed > 0 ? _fallSpeed * _jumpEndEarlyGravityModifier : _fallSpeed;

                // Fall
                _currentVerticalSpeed -= fallSpeed * Time.deltaTime;

                // Clamp
                if (_currentVerticalSpeed < _fallClamp) _currentVerticalSpeed = _fallClamp;
            }
        }

        #endregion

        #region Jump

        [Header("JUMPING")][SerializeField] private float _jumpHeight = 30;
        [SerializeField] private float _jumpApexThreshold = 10f;
        [SerializeField] private float _coyoteTimeThreshold = 0.1f;
        [SerializeField] private float _jumpBuffer = 0.1f;
        [SerializeField] private float _jumpEndEarlyGravityModifier = 3;
        private bool _coyoteUsable;
        private bool _endedJumpEarly = true;
        private float _apexPoint; // Becomes 1 at the apex of a jump
        private float _lastJumpPressed;
        private bool CanUseCoyote => _coyoteUsable && !_colDown && _timeLeftGrounded + _coyoteTimeThreshold > Time.time;
        private bool HasBufferedJump => _colDown && _lastJumpPressed + _jumpBuffer > Time.time;

        private void CalculateJumpApex()
        {
            if (!_colDown)
            {
                // Gets stronger the closer to the top of the jump
                _apexPoint = Mathf.InverseLerp(_jumpApexThreshold, 0, Mathf.Abs(Velocity.y));
                _fallSpeed = Mathf.Lerp(_minFallSpeed, _maxFallSpeed, _apexPoint);
            }
            else
            {
                _apexPoint = 0;
            }
        }

        private void CalculateJump()
        {
            // Jump if: grounded or within coyote threshold || sufficient jump buffer
            if (Input.JumpDown && CanUseCoyote || HasBufferedJump)
            {
                _currentVerticalSpeed = _jumpHeight;
                _endedJumpEarly = false;
                _coyoteUsable = false;
                _timeLeftGrounded = float.MinValue;
                JumpingThisFrame = true;
            }
            else
            {
                JumpingThisFrame = false;
            }

            // End the jump early if button released
            if (!_colDown && Input.JumpUp && !_endedJumpEarly && Velocity.y > 0)
            {
                // _currentVerticalSpeed = 0;
                _endedJumpEarly = true;
            }

            if (_colUp)
            {
                if (_currentVerticalSpeed > 0) _currentVerticalSpeed = 0;
            }
        }

        #endregion

        #region Move

        [Header("MOVE")]
        [SerializeField, Tooltip("Raising this value increases collision accuracy at the cost of performance.")]
        private int _freeColliderIterations = 10;

        // We cast our bounds before moving to avoid future collisions
        private void MoveCharacter()
        {
            var pos = transform.position + _characterBounds.center;
            RawMovement = new Vector3(_currentHorizontalSpeed, _currentVerticalSpeed); // Used externally
            var move = RawMovement * Time.deltaTime;
            var furthestPoint = pos + move;

            // check furthest movement. If nothing hit, move and don't do extra checks
            var hit = Physics2D.OverlapBox(furthestPoint, _characterBounds.size, 0, _groundLayer);
            if (!hit)
            {
                transform.position += move;
                return;
            }

            // otherwise increment away from current pos; see what closest position we can move to
            var positionToMoveTo = transform.position;
            for (int i = 1; i < _freeColliderIterations; i++)
            {
                // increment to check all but furthestPoint - we did that already
                var t = (float)i / _freeColliderIterations;
                var posToTry = Vector2.Lerp(pos, furthestPoint, t);

                if (Physics2D.OverlapBox(posToTry, _characterBounds.size, 0, _groundLayer))
                {
                    transform.position = positionToMoveTo;

                    // We've landed on a corner or hit our head on a ledge. Nudge the player gently
                    if (i == 1)
                    {
                        if (_currentVerticalSpeed < 0) _currentVerticalSpeed = 0;
                        var dir = transform.position - hit.transform.position;
                        transform.position += dir.normalized * move.magnitude;
                    }

                    return;
                }

                positionToMoveTo = posToTry;
            }
        }

        #endregion
    }
}
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using UnityEngine;

public class AiShootBall : MonoBehaviour
{
    [SerializeField] Rigidbody soccerRb;

    [SerializeField] float force;

    [SerializeField] Transform target;

    [SerializeField] float curveStartForce;

    float timeToReachDestination;

    bool addCurve=false;

    float timeRemaining;
    // Start is called before the first frame update
    void Start()
    {
        Invoke("ShootBall", 2f);
        //ShootBall();
    }
    
    public void ShootBall()
    {
        //this will get the direction to reach the desitination
        Vector3 dir = target.position - transform.position;
        //then we normalize the value
        dir.Normalize();

        //way of discovering the time it will take to reach destination
        float distance = Vector3.Distance(target.position, transform.position);

        //this will get the time to reach the destination
        timeToReachDestination = TimeBetweenObjects(distance, force);

        //float forceNecessary = ForceNeededToReachDestination(distance, timeToReachDestination);

        //this will tell the code to add curve
        addCurve = true;
        //this will store the time remaining to add curve
        timeRemaining = timeToReachDestination;

        //we add the velocity to the rb
        soccerRb.velocity = dir * force;

        //this will add the initial curve force, so that we then add curve to the opossite direction
        soccerRb.velocity += new Vector3(-curveStartForce, 0, 0);
    }

    private void Update()
    {
        //if we are adding a curve, we decrease the countdown
        if (addCurve)
            timeRemaining -= Time.deltaTime;
    }

    private void FixedUpdate()
    {
        if (addCurve && timeRemaining > 0)
        {
            soccerRb.AddForce(new Vector3((curveStartForce + curveStartForce) / timeToReachDestination * Time.fixedDeltaTime, 0, 0), ForceMode.VelocityChange);   
        }
        //if the time has ended we tell the code to stop adding curve and we reset the curve timer
        else
        {
            addCurve = false;
            timeRemaining = 0;
        }
        
    }

    //this will find the time it will take to reach destination
    float TimeBetweenObjects(float distance, float force)
    {
        float timeBetweenObjects = distance / force;
        Debug.Log("Distance: " + distance + " time to reach: " + timeBetweenObjects + " force " + force);
        return timeBetweenObjects;
    }

    //this will find the force necessary to reach destinatiion
    float ForceNeededToReachDestination(float distance, float timeBetweenObjects)
    {
        //way of discovering force necessary to reach destination at seconds
        float forceNeeded = distance / timeBetweenObjects;
        Debug.Log("Force needed : " + forceNeeded);
        return forceNeeded;
    }
}
# Infinity, and it's brother minus infinity, 
# comes in handy once in a while.


my_inf = float('Inf') 
99999999 > my_inf 
-> False 
 
my_neg_inf = float('-Inf') 
my_neg_inf > -99999999 
-> False 
star

Sat Jul 02 2022 20:26:43 GMT+0000 (UTC) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3sWTzMsmdx8

#c# #unity #physics #2d #platform
star

Mon Feb 28 2022 08:47:17 GMT+0000 (UTC) https://www.quora.com/What-are-some-cool-Python-tricks

#python #math #physics #stem

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