209-handwritten-ocr: Handwritten Chinese and Japanese OCR


Fri Jun 17 2022 05:10:39 GMT+0000 (UTC)

Saved by @OpenVINOtoolkit #python #openvino #openvino-notebooks #deeplearning #accelerated-inference ##nlp #ocr #chinese #japanese #handwritten

# Imports
from collections import namedtuple
from itertools import groupby
from pathlib import Path

import cv2
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from openvino.runtime import Core

# Settings
# Directories where data will be placed
model_folder = "model"
data_folder = "data"
charlist_folder = f"{data_folder}/charlists"

# Precision used by model
precision = "FP16"

Language = namedtuple(
    typename="Language", field_names=["model_name", "charlist_name", "demo_image_name"]
chinese_files = Language(
japanese_files = Language(

# Select Language
# Select language by using either language='chinese' or language='japanese'
language = "chinese"

languages = {"chinese": chinese_files, "japanese": japanese_files}

selected_language = languages.get(language)

# Download Model
path_to_model_weights = Path(f'{model_folder}/intel/{selected_language.model_name}/{precision}/{selected_language.model_name}.bin')
if not path_to_model_weights.is_file():
    download_command = f'omz_downloader --name {selected_language.model_name} --output_dir {model_folder} --precision {precision}'
    ! $download_command

# Load Network and Execute
ie = Core()
path_to_model = path_to_model_weights.with_suffix(".xml")
model = ie.read_model(model=path_to_model)

# Select Device Name
# To check available device names run the line below
# print(ie.available_devices)

compiled_model = ie.compile_model(model=model, device_name="CPU")

# Fetch Information About Input and Output Layers
recognition_output_layer = compiled_model.output(0)
recognition_input_layer = compiled_model.input(0)

# Load an Image
# Read file name of demo file based on the selected model

file_name = selected_language.demo_image_name

# Text detection models expects an image in grayscale format
# IMPORTANT!!! This model allows to read only one line at time

# Read image
image = cv2.imread(filename=f"{data_folder}/{file_name}", flags=cv2.IMREAD_GRAYSCALE)

# Fetch shape
image_height, _ = image.shape

# B,C,H,W = batch size, number of channels, height, width
_, _, H, W = recognition_input_layer.shape

# Calculate scale ratio between input shape height and image height to resize image
scale_ratio = H / image_height

# Resize image to expected input sizes
resized_image = cv2.resize(
    image, None, fx=scale_ratio, fy=scale_ratio, interpolation=cv2.INTER_AREA

# Pad image to match input size, without changing aspect ratio
resized_image = np.pad(
    resized_image, ((0, 0), (0, W - resized_image.shape[1])), mode="edge"

# Reshape to network the input shape
input_image = resized_image[None, None, :, :]

# Visualise Input Image
plt.figure(figsize=(20, 1))
plt.imshow(resized_image, cmap="gray", vmin=0, vmax=255);

# Prepare Charlist
# Get dictionary to encode output, based on model documentation
used_charlist = selected_language.charlist_name

# With both models, there should be blank symbol added at index 0 of each charlist
blank_char = "~"

with open(f"{charlist_folder}/{used_charlist}", "r", encoding="utf-8") as charlist:
    letters = blank_char + "".join(line.strip() for line in charlist)

# Run Inference
# Run inference on the model
predictions = compiled_model([input_image])[recognition_output_layer]

# Process Output Data
# Remove batch dimension
predictions = np.squeeze(predictions)

# Run argmax to pick the symbols with the highest probability
predictions_indexes = np.argmax(predictions, axis=1)

# Use groupby to remove concurrent letters, as required by CTC greedy decoding
output_text_indexes = list(groupby(predictions_indexes))

# Remove grouper objects
output_text_indexes, _ = np.transpose(output_text_indexes, (1, 0))

# Remove blank symbols
output_text_indexes = output_text_indexes[output_text_indexes != 0]

# Assign letters to indexes from output array
output_text = [letters[letter_index] for letter_index in output_text_indexes]

# Print Output
plt.figure(figsize=(20, 1))
plt.imshow(resized_image, cmap="gray", vmin=0, vmax=255)


In this tutorial, we perform optical character recognition (OCR) for handwritten Chinese (simplified) and Japanese. An OCR tutorial using the Latin alphabet is available in notebook 208. This model is capable of processing only one line of symbols at a time. The models used in this notebook are handwritten-japanese-recognition and handwritten-simplified-chinese. To decode model outputs as readable text kondate_nakayosi and scut_ept charlists are used. Both models are available on Open Model Zoo. If you have not yet installed OpenVINO™, please follow the Installation Guide to install all required dependencies. https://github.com/openvinotoolkit/openvino_notebooks/blob/main/README.md#-installation-guide Link to .bin and .xml files: https://github.com/openvinotoolkit/open_model_zoo/blob/master/models/intel/handwritten-japanese-recognition-0001/model.yml https://github.com/openvinotoolkit/open_model_zoo/blob/master/models/intel/handwritten-simplified-chinese-recognition-0001/model.yml